Fracking in the US

Fracking in the US

 

Daily Kos Staff

Friday August 17, 2018 · 9:23 AM PDT

A new study out of Duke University shows that fracking operations in the United States have boomed in their use of water over the past five years. The researchers found that between 2011 and 2016, the amount of water being used, per well, increased 770 percent. On top of that—during the same time—the amount of “brine-laden” wastewater generated by those wells increased 1,440 percent.

 

http://winewaterwatch.org/2018/08/fracking-use-of-water-has-increased-770-over-the-last-5-years-and-thats-just-the-beginning/

 

First Fern Genome Shows Unique Bacterial Partnership

Discover magazine

 

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/07/02/first-fern-genomes/#.W3vFpc5KiM_

 

First Fern Genome Shows Unique Bacterial Partnership

 

This article and research further supports James Lovelock and the Daisyworld hypothesis.  Question?  What probable action that we know of will lower the CO2 such that we won’t skip another ice age?  If we don’t have another ice age, then what property or force that we know of will curtail the non-linear increase in CO2.

My previous post about the CO2 and methane being produced under and around thawing permafrost lakes will increase CO2 and with rising oceans, there will be more swamp and more vegetation under water which will increase CO2 and methane from rotting plants.  Why should we not be very, very afraid on behalf of Gaia?

 

 

“Though it’s little, the tiny fern Azolla may have changed the world 50 million years ago. Fossil records from the Arctic suggest that these fast-growing, carbon-sequestering ferns removed enough carbon dioxide from Earth’s atmosphere to cool the then-greenhouse globe and allow today’s polar ice caps to form.

In more recent Earth history, rice farmers in Asia have been using Azolla as a natural fertilizer for over 1,000 years. Nostoc azollae, a cyanobacterium species that lives inside Azolla leaves, captures nitrogen from the air and converts it into a form that the ferns — and rice plants — can use.

Many plants have symbiotic relationships with the bacteria living inside them, but Azolla’s partnership with Nostoc is unique because the bacterium lives inside the fern for its whole life and transfers from parent to child when Azolla reproduces. It’s a microbial inheritance that most plants don’t get — they must start fresh with bacteria from the environment.

Evidence hinted that the Azolla fern and its cyanobacterium partner might share a long evolutionary past together. Unraveling the details of their evolutionary history was one reason Li and his team wanted to sequence the Azolla genome.”

 

“Ferns may have been overlooked partly because they have a reputation for massive genomes that would be expensive to sequence — the average fern has about four times the genetic information of a human — and because the benefits of sequencing fern genomes is not immediately obvious compared to sequencing the genomes of other plants, like agricultural crops.”

 

“Comparing the new Azolla genome with the previously-sequenced Nostoc genome confirms that the fern and the cyanobacterium have been partners for as long as 100 million years, evolving and branching into new species together. From experiments with the fern’s genome, Li’s team found that the cyanobacterium’s ability to capture nitrogen from air keeps the fern nourished when other nitrogen sources aren’t available.”

 

“Li’s team studied the fern genomes to track down the origin of the natural pesticides and found evidence that in Salvinia, the pesticide protein might have come from bacteria rather than from plant ancestors. Transferring genes between species is fairly common among bacteria (this is what makes bacteria so good at resisting antibiotics) but rare in more complex life, like plants.”

 

 

Melting Permafrost Below Arctic Lakes Dangerous NASA Warns

Melting Permafrost Below Arctic Lakes Is Even More Dangerous to the Climate, NASA Warns

 

https://www.space.com/41533-abrupt-permafrost-melting-carbon-climate-impact.html

 

Scientists have worried for years that rising temperatures will free carbon trapped in frozen soil in the Arctic, accelerating the pace of climate change — but now they believe abrupt thawing below lakes is even more dangerous.

That’s the finding of a new paper published as part of a 10-year NASA collaboration to study how climate change will play out in the icy Arctic region.

 

 

“We don’t have to wait 200 or 300 years to get these large releases of permafrost carbon,” lead study author Katey Walter Anthony, an ecologist at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, said in a NASA statement about the research. “Within my lifetime, my children’s lifetime, it should be ramping up. It’s already happening but it’s not happening at a really fast rate right now, but within a few decades, it should peak.” [Climate Change Strengthens Earth’s ‘Heartbeat’ — and That’s Bad News

 

 

The Truth Sometimes Hurts

The Truth Sometimes Hurts

We scientists need help to communicate in a post-truth world

 

By Kate Marvel on August 8, 2018

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/hot-planet/the-truth-sometimes-hurts/

 

“More seriously, every time I talk about the uncertainties inherent in climate projections, I feel attacked from all sides of the climate mitigation debate. I admit that in the current landscape, any expression of uncertainty is immediately weaponized by those who want to delay climate action.”

 

Stop and think a minute. Many of our professionals work in an atmosphere of uncertainty. Take, for instance, our medical profession.  Despite their utmost efforts to “get it right” all the time, the human body doesn’t react to medicine in the same way every day.  Why?  We are a complex, living organism, not a machine.  Earth is a complex, living organism also. As a living organism, our usual measuring instruments miss the mark because they were designed to deal with a machine-like inanimate “things.” Thus there has to be some uncertainty with climate change predictions.  Consider weather.  The weather forecasts are full of uncertainty and often off centre.  So, we live with that.  Climate is just weather over a long period of time.

 

Consider our dedicated and compassionate medical workers do their best with the tools they have available yet they work daily with uncertainty and we accept that.

 

Climate scientists are often in the best position to analyse and make responsible moral judgements re: climate change.  Who knows better?  When it comes to risk, I’d sooner believe a few climate change researchers than a spokesperson for an industry that takes profits from CO2 emitting activities.

RNAi Corn

RNAi Corn

 

http://www.greenmedinfo.com/blog/gmo-agenda-takes-menacing-leap-forward-epa-s-silent-approval-monsantodow-s-rnai-0

 

Posted on: Monday, July 10th 2017 at 9:45 am

Written By: Sayer Ji, Founder

 

“Without much more than a whisper from the mainstream media, Monsanto’s newest Frankenfood has received full EPA approval and will be arriving on dinner plates by the end of the decade. The implications of this are harrowing, to say the least.”

 

 

 

Spirit-Based Change

 

From Sacred Instructions: Indigenous Wisdom for Living Spirit-Based Change

Sherri Mitchell

 

“Our goal is to become a tuning fork for an elevated consciousness and a more equitable reality.

We do this by investing in higher emotional currency: supporting one another’s gifts offered to us by the Earth.”

 

https://nativenewsonline.net/currents/from-sacred-instructions-the-cultivation-of-warriors/

 

I’m in the process of reviewing this book.  I’ll post it on here in the near future.

We ARE the Planet

“Professor Johan Rockström, a co-author of the new paper from the Stockholm Resilience Centre, told BBC News. ‘What we are saying is that when we reach 2C of warming, we may be at a point where we hand over the control mechanism to Planet Earth herself.’”

Carbon Brief Daily | 07/08/2018

 

I don’t seem to be on the same page here.  When did anyone ever dare to think that (1) That we were ever “in control” of Earth’s survival mechanisms and (2) That we have anything to “hand over” to “Planet Earth.”  We and all our brethren are first and foremost “Earthlings.”  We are not “on” this planet, we ARE the planet – inseparable.

We have not “lost” our connection.  That’s impossible.  We have either lost consciousness of it or perhaps never were conscious of being part of the, so to speak, eyes, ears, nose and throat of our greater beingness, the marvellous planet Earth.

Society as Ecosystem in a Time of Collapse, Part I

Society as Ecosystem in a Time of Collapse, Part I

 

https://www.resilience.org/stories/2018-07-30/human-predators-human-prey/

 

By Richard Heinberg, July 30, 2018

 

First of three parts

 

Richard Heinberg is the author of thirteen books including: – Our Renewable Future: Laying  the Path for One Hundred Percent Clean Energy, co-authored with David Fridley (2016) – Afterburn (2015) – Snake Oil (July 2013) – The End of Growth (August 2011) – The Post Carbon Reader (2010) (editor) – Blackout: Coal, Climate, and the Last…

America spends over $20bn per year on fossil fuel subsidies

America spends over $20bn per year on fossil fuel subsidies. Abolish them

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2018/jul/30/america-spends-over-20bn-per-year-on-fossil-fuel-subsidies-abolish-them

 

 

While we need to leave fossil fuels in the ground, America is giving the fossil fuel industry billions to extract more

 

Dana Nuccitelli

 

Mon 30 Jul 2018

“The OCI report noted that the Obama administration actually proposed to eliminate 60% of federal fossil fuel industry subsidies, but that proposal went nowhere for one obvious reason:

In the 2015-2016 election cycle oil, gas, and coal companies spent $354 million in campaign contributions and lobbying and received $29.4 billion in federal subsidies in total over those same years – an 8,200% return on investment.”

Congress Gives Sacred Apache Land to Foreign Mining Company

Congress Gives Sacred Apache Land to Foreign Mining Company

 

San Carlos Apache Leader Seeks Senate Defeat of Copper Mine on Sacred Land

 

http://www.whitewolfpack.com/2014/12/congress-gives-sacred-apache-land-to.html

 

 

“Congress is poised to give a foreign mining company 2,400 acres of national forest in Arizona that is cherished ancestral homeland to Apache natives. Controversially, the measure is attached to annual legislation that funds the US Defense Department.”